milling en Chainsaw Milling in Ghana Context, drivers and impacts <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Chainsaw Milling in Ghana Context, drivers and impacts</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p> This report synthesizes the various studies and discussions that have been carried<br /> out on chainsaw milling (CSM) in Ghana. It is targeted to policymakers, researchers<br /> and indeed all stakeholders, both in Ghana and elsewhere. It is intended to provide<br /> up-to-date information about chainsaw milling in Ghana. It builds on various reviews<br /> and studies conducted between 2005 and 2009 (Odoom 2005; Adam et al. 2007a, b<br /> and c; Marfo, Adam and Obiri 2009; and TIDD/FORIG 2009), and on papers presented<br /> at an African regional workshop on chainsaw milling, held in Accra on 25–26<br /> May 2009 (TBI 2009).<br /> Although CSM for commercial purposes is prohibited by the Timber Resource Management<br /> Regulations of 1998 (Legislative Instrument 1649), the activity has thrived.<br /> It provides jobs for about 130,000 Ghanaians and livelihood support for about<br /> 650,000 people. CSM enjoys much public support, and many stakeholders — including<br /> more than half of District Forest Managers — think the ban should be reviewed.<br /> The demand for timber and the conventional sawmill industry’s inability to supply<br /> the domestic demand by legal means remains the principal driver not only of CSM<br /> but also of illegality in the timber industry in general. It has been difficult to implement<br /> the CSM ban for several reasons:<br /> • the demand for jobs for both rural youth and urban timber businesses;<br /> • corruption among forestry officials, police and the joint FSD-military task force;<br /> • political interferences in FSD operations;<br /> • lack of political will to enforce the ban and implement alternatives; and<br /> • strong support for CSM by local communities, particularly farmers — the<br /> practice brings in about Ghana cedi (GHC) 33.6 million per year in the form<br /> of informal payments, most of which benefit FSD officials, police, farmers and<br /> chiefs (at time of writing, 1 US$ = 1.4 GHC).<br /> CSM is the main supplier of lumber to the domestic market. It contributes about<br /> 84% of this lumber, with an estimated volume of 497,000 m3 and a market value of<br /> about GHC 279 million. The urban financiers who support CSM operations capture<br /> about 28% of this revenue; rural-based operators receive 19%. CSM provides an<br /> average profit of about GHC 67 per m3 of lumber. A projected aggregate annual<br /> profit of GHC 37 million is realized across the CSM trade chain. Chainsaw milling is<br /> also the major supplier of lumber for overland export to neighbouring countries,<br /> with an estimated volume of 260,000 m3.<br /> The study demonstrates that chainsawn lumber is 12–74% cheaper than conventional<br /> sawmill lumber, depending on species, dimension and quality. The CSM sector<br /> processes about 72 species in more than 100 dimensions. It processes an estimated<br /> 840,000 trees a year with a roundwood volume of about 2.5 million m3, exceeding<br /> Ghana’s Annual Allowable Cut (AAC) of 2 million m3 for the formal industry. CSM<br /> recovers about 30% of tree volume, a lower rate than improved CSM with Logosol<br /> attachments (33%), Wood-Mizer portable sawmills (56%) and sawmills (38%). Ghana loses a possible GHC 25 million annually in stumpage revenue from trees<br /> illegally harvested by chainsaw operators; illegal tree sales by farmers to operators are<br /> equivalent to about 38% of this amount (GHC 9.5 million).<br /> The supply of legal timber to the domestic market is the most crucial issue in<br /> addressing the problems associated with illegal CSM. Three policy options are<br /> recommended to this end:<br /> • the legal sawmill industry supplies all timber;<br /> • the industry shares the market with artisanal groups applying improved forms<br /> of CSM such as the use of Logosol; and<br /> • artisanal groups supply all timber.<br /> This synthesis provides some reflections on these options. Equitable benefit-sharing<br /> to include farmers, tree tenure reforms and provision of competitive alternative livelihood<br /> schemes are crucial in the ultimate success of any policy intervention to address<br /> CSM</p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">sbritwum</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 10/06/2010 - 15:35</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">Trobenbos International (TBI) &amp; CSIR-Forestry Research Institute of Ghana</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-fund field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Funding bodies</div> <div class="field__item">European Commission &amp; Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="" type="application/pdf; length=1221648">chainsaw_milling_ghana_marfo.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>1.17 MB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/5" hreflang="en">Forests and Climate Change</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/272" hreflang="en">chainsaw</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">milling</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/89" hreflang="en">ghana</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/274" hreflang="en">drivers &amp; impacts</a> Wed, 06 Oct 2010 15:35:54 +0000 sbritwum 255 at