Bioenergy en Optimum Parameters for the Formulation of Charcoal Briquettes Using Bagasse and Clay as Binder <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Optimum Parameters for the Formulation of Charcoal Briquettes Using Bagasse and Clay as Binder</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p>Abstract<br /> Kenya generates about 1.6 million tones of sugarcane bagasse which has enormous<br /> potential for exploitation in modern commercial applications. Due to rising fossil<br /> fuel prices, availability in large quantity and rapidly growing interest in bio-energy<br /> as well as technological advances and environmental concerns , bagasse could be<br /> utilized for the formulation of charcoal briquettes for household use to<br /> supplement wood charcoal. In this study briquettes were formulated using<br /> carbonized bagasse, clay as a binder and molasses as a filler. Bagasse was obtained<br /> from sugar factories for carbonization. Carbonization was carried out using a<br /> brick-built kiln while blending used a manually operated drum mixer. A piston type<br /> briquetting press fitted onto a universal strength testing machine was used for the<br /> production of briquettes. The most optimum parameters that produced briquettes<br /> which complied to current charcoal specifications for household use were in the<br /> ratio of 1:1:40 for molasses, clay and carbonized bagasse respectively at<br /> 0.50N/mm2 pressure. At this formulation, briquettes were produced whose ash<br /> content, volatile matter and calorific energy were 36.4%, 27.2% and 4.390 Kca/g<br /> respectively. The briquettes produced burnt without sparks and were smokeless,<br /> producing no irritating smell. They ignited easily and took relatively long before<br /> they extinguished. They were recommended for household use in Kenya.</p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/280" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Sheila Mbiru</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 05/03/2013 - 14:07</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">KEFRI</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="" type="application/pdf; length=338542">onchieku et al 477-492 2012.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>330.61 KB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">Forest Products Utilisation and Trade</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Forests and Poverty Alleviation</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/563" hreflang="en">Charcola Briquettes</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/565" hreflang="en">Bioenergy</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/564" hreflang="en">Bagassa</a> Fri, 03 May 2013 14:07:23 +0000 Sheila Mbiru 513 at